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Božićni običaji u Hrvata



Božićni običaji dio su hrvatske tradicije. Uz slavlje Božića razvili su se brojni običaji poput kićenja božićnog drvca na Badnjak, odlaska na misu polnoćku, pjevanja božićnih pjesama i darivanja.

Na sami Božić rano ujutro ukućani jedni drugima čestitaju Božić. Za obilan i bogat doručak jede se pečenica s hrenom, hladetina, domaće kobasice, kulen, slanina, pršut sa sirom i maslinama.

Na Božić se često odlazilo na tri mise, za početak na polnoćku na sam Badnjak na kojoj bi se dočekao Božić, zatim na ranojutarnju misu zornicu, tzv. malu misu gdje se obično pričešćivalo, a na poldanicu, danju ili velu misu odlazilo se po danu. Na mise su djevojke često odlazile u različitim svečanim haljinama i svečanim narodnim nošnjama.

Žene su dan prije pripremile bogati božićni jelovnik, a ručak je bio svečan i bogat te je za stolom okupljao cijelu obitelj. Jelo se: juhu, meso – razne pečenke s povrćem, hladetinu, sarmu, pirjani kiseli kupus, kiselu repu, krumpir, razne vrste kruha (božićna pogača, česnica, krsnica, božićnjak, križnica), peciva, voće i brojna druga jela. Od slastica jedu se: torte, orehnjače, makovnjače, kolači od oraha, rogača, sira, suhi sitni kolači, paprenjaci, smokvenjaci, medenjaci, muškaconi, prace i sl.

Na prvi dan Božića, obično se ostajalo kod kuće, a drugi dan Božića ide se u posjet rođacima i susjedima. Koledanje ili čestitarenje činilo se pjevajući tradicionalne božićne pjesme, a čestitare bi se često darivalo.

Mladići su djevojkama često kao tradicionalni božićni dar darivali tzv. božićnicu, ukrašenu jabuku. Prvi posjetitelj koji bi posjetio kuću na Božić, tzv. polaznik ili položar, trebao bi biti zdrav, krepak, veseo što bi domu donijelo sreću, a često su se unaprijed domovi dogovarali o “slučajnom” posjetitelju, da se ne bi izazvalo nesreću. Ako bi pak na Božić padala kiša, vjerovalo se, da će uroditi sve što se okopava motikom.

Pero Bačić / Wikipedia
Foto: Kroativ



Discover Zadar: A hidden gem on Croatia’s Dalmatian coast



Nestled on Croatia’s stunning Dalmatian Coast, Zadar is a captivating blend of ancient history, vibrant culture, and natural beauty. Often overlooked in favor of its more famous neighbors, Zadar offers a unique and enriching experience for tourists seeking a mix of historical intrigue, coastal charm, and modern attractions.

A Rich Historical Tapestry

Old Town Charm Zadar’s Old Town, situated on a peninsula, is a treasure trove of historical landmarks and cultural heritage. The narrow, cobbled streets are lined with Roman ruins, medieval churches, and charming cafes. Key highlights include:

  • Roman Forum: Dating back to the 1st century BC, the Roman Forum is a testament to Zadar’s ancient roots. Wander among the remnants of temples and columns, and imagine the bustling life of the Roman era.
  • St. Donatus Church: This 9th-century pre-Romanesque church is an iconic symbol of Zadar. Its circular structure and impressive acoustics make it a unique venue for summer concerts.
  • St. Anastasia’s Cathedral: The largest cathedral in Dalmatia, it boasts a stunning Romanesque façade and a bell tower offering panoramic views of the city and sea.

Unique Modern Attractions

Sea Organ One of Zadar’s most famous modern attractions, the Sea Organ, is a marvel of architectural ingenuity. Designed by architect Nikola Bašić, this experimental musical instrument uses sea waves to create harmonious sounds. It’s the perfect spot to relax and listen to the melodies created by nature.

Sun Salutation Adjacent to the Sea Organ is another Bašić creation, the Sun Salutation. This circular installation consists of solar panels that absorb sunlight during the day and produce a mesmerizing light show at night. The vibrant colors and patterns reflect the rhythm of the sea, providing a magical evening spectacle.

Natural Beauty and Outdoor Activities

Beaches Zadar boasts an array of beautiful beaches, from sandy shores to pebbly coves. Some popular options include:

  • Kolovare Beach: Close to the city center, this beach offers a mix of pebbles and sand, crystal-clear waters, and a lively atmosphere.
  • Borik Beach: Located in a resort area, Borik is ideal for families, with various water sports and amenities.

National Parks Zadar is a gateway to several stunning national parks, perfect for nature lovers and adventure seekers:

  • Kornati National Park: An archipelago of 140 islands, ideal for sailing, diving, and exploring untouched nature.
  • Paklenica National Park: Known for its dramatic canyons and diverse flora and fauna, it’s a paradise for hikers and rock climbers.
  • Plitvice Lakes National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage site, famous for its cascading lakes and waterfalls. Although a bit farther, it’s a must-visit on any trip to Zadar.

Culinary Delights

Zadar’s culinary scene is a delightful blend of traditional Dalmatian flavors and modern cuisine. Fresh seafood, olive oil, and local wines are staples. Don’t miss:

  • Maraschino Liqueur: This cherry liqueur, originating from Zadar, is perfect for a post-dinner treat.
  • Local Markets: Explore the city’s markets for fresh produce, local cheeses, and other regional specialties.

Festivals and Events

Zadar hosts numerous cultural events and festivals throughout the year, adding vibrancy to the city’s life. Highlights include:

  • Zadar Summer Theatre Festival: Featuring open-air performances of classical and contemporary plays.
  • Musical Evenings in St. Donatus: A series of classical music concerts held in the historic church.

Getting Around and Practical Tips

Zadar is well-connected by air, with Zadar Airport offering flights to major European cities. The city itself is walkable, particularly the Old Town, but bikes and local buses are also convenient for exploring further afield.

Accommodation From luxurious seafront hotels to cozy guesthouses and budget-friendly hostels, Zadar offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit all preferences and budgets.

Best Time to Visit The best time to visit Zadar is during the late spring (May-June) and early autumn (September-October) when the weather is pleasant, and the tourist crowds are thinner. However, summer months (July-August) are ideal for beachgoers and festival enthusiasts.


Zadar is a destination that seamlessly combines the old with the new, the serene with the vibrant. Whether you’re a history buff, a beach lover, or a culinary enthusiast, Zadar promises an unforgettable experience. Discover this hidden gem on the Dalmatian Coast and immerse yourself in its timeless charm and modern wonders.

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Vienna – City of music




Vienna, often heralded as the “City of Music,” has an illustrious history as a hub for some of the most influential composers and musical movements in Western classical music. This rich musical heritage spans several centuries, shaping Vienna into a cultural landmark.

Classical Period

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)

Mozart is one of the most celebrated composers in history, known for his prodigious talent and extensive oeuvre. Born in Salzburg, he spent a significant part of his career in Vienna. His compositions include symphonies, operas, chamber music, and piano concertos. Notable works include “The Magic Flute,” “Don Giovanni,” and “Eine kleine Nachtmusik.”

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)

Beethoven, though born in Bonn, Germany, made Vienna his home and the center of his musical career. His compositions mark the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras. Famous works include his nine symphonies, particularly the Fifth and Ninth (“Ode to Joy”), as well as piano sonatas like the “Moonlight Sonata.”

Romantic Period

Franz Schubert (1797-1828)

A native Viennese, Schubert is renowned for his lieder (German art songs) and symphonies. His compositions blend lyrical melodies with rich harmonic textures. Key works include the “Unfinished Symphony” and the song cycle “Winterreise.”

Johann Strauss II (1825-1899)

Known as the “Waltz King,” Strauss II brought the Viennese waltz to international acclaim. His famous works include “The Blue Danube” and the operetta “Die Fledermaus.” His compositions capture the spirit of 19th-century Vienna’s ballrooms and festive culture.

20th Century and Beyond

Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)

Schoenberg, a pivotal figure in the Second Viennese School, revolutionized music with his development of the twelve-tone technique. This atonal method broke away from traditional harmonic structures. His works include “Pierrot Lunaire” and “Verklärte Nacht.”

Alban Berg (1885-1935) and Anton Webern (1883-1945)

Students of Schoenberg, Berg and Webern furthered his innovative techniques. Berg’s operas “Wozzeck” and “Lulu” and Webern’s concise and highly structured compositions left a lasting impact on 20th-century music.

Vienna’s Musical Institutions

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

Founded in 1842, the Vienna Philharmonic is one of the world’s leading orchestras, known for its distinctive sound and tradition. It plays a central role in Vienna’s musical life, performing at the annual New Year’s Concert, a globally televised event.

Vienna State Opera

This prestigious opera house has been a cornerstone of Viennese culture since its opening in 1869. It has hosted premieres of significant works and performances by legendary artists.


The Musikverein, inaugurated in 1870, is renowned for its acoustically superb Golden Hall. It is home to the Vienna Philharmonic and is a key venue for classical music performances.

Modern Vienna

Vienna continues to be a vibrant center for music, hosting numerous festivals and concerts that celebrate both its classical heritage and contemporary music. The city’s musical institutions and its nurturing of new talents ensure that Vienna remains a pivotal location in the global music scene.

In summary, Vienna’s music history is a tapestry of influential composers, groundbreaking works, and prestigious institutions, making it an enduring beacon of musical excellence.

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Korčula: A tourist gem of the Adriatic




Korčula, one of the most beautiful islands in the Adriatic, is a true tourist gem of Croatia. Located in the southern part of Dalmatia, this destination attracts visitors with its rich cultural heritage, picturesque landscapes, pristine sea, and hospitable locals.

A Treasure Trove of History

The town of Korčula, the island’s main center, is renowned for its medieval old town, which has preserved the look from the time of Venetian rule. Narrow streets, stone houses, and imposing walls create the impression of stepping back in time. St. Mark’s Cathedral, a masterpiece of Gothic-Renaissance architecture, is one of the town’s most important landmarks. There is also the birthplace of Marco Polo, the famous world traveler, whose historical legacy draws many visitors.

Natural Beauties

Korčula is also known for its natural beauties. The island’s beaches, such as Vela Luka, Pupnat, and Lumbarda, offer crystal-clear waters and beautiful sandy and pebbly shores. The proximity of islets and coves is ideal for sailing, diving, and other water sports. The nearby Mljet National Park is a perfect spot for day trips and exploring untouched nature.

Wine and Gastronomy

Korčula is renowned for its rich gastronomic offerings. The island is home to top-quality wines like Grk and Pošip, which you can taste in many local wineries. Traditional Dalmatian cuisine, which includes fresh seafood, olive oil, and local specialties, will satisfy any gourmet’s palate. Participating in local festivals and events provides a special experience, allowing visitors to learn about local customs and enjoy homemade delicacies.

Activities and Adventures

For those seeking an active holiday, Korčula offers numerous options. Hiking, cycling, and kayaking are popular activities among tourists. The island is crisscrossed with trails that lead through picturesque vineyards, olive groves, and pine forests, providing unforgettable scenes and experiences. History enthusiasts can explore archaeological sites and museums that preserve the island’s rich past.

Hospitality and Accommodation

The residents of Korčula are known for their hospitality and warmth. Visitors can stay in a variety of accommodations, from luxury hotels and villas to family-run guesthouses and apartments. Regardless of the choice of accommodation, guests can expect high standards of service and a warm welcome.

Korčula is a destination that offers a blend of history, natural beauty, culture, and adventure. Whether you are looking for a peaceful beach vacation, cultural enrichment, or an active escape into nature, this island has it all. Each visit to Korčula reveals something new and special, making it an indispensable destination for all lovers of the Adriatic.

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